In acne, an inbalance in hormones called androgens cause the sebaceous gland to produce lots of oil. The same hormones cause increased production of skin cells lining pores. Pores then get clogged with a mixture of cells and sebum, becoming a breeding ground for acne-causing bacteria. This results in several types of pimple ranging from red spots to pustules or deep, painful cysts.
Ever wanted to know what causes oily skin and pimples? The vast majority of acne is caused by hormonal changes that occur at puberty, as well as at other times of hormonal change, like before your period or during pregnancy for women. But it can also be brought on by other factors such as stress, fatigue, unsuitable skincare products, and certain medical treatments such as corticosteroids. Acne is genetic too: if your parents had it, it’s likely you’ll have it.
Dark spots causes
Have you ever noticed that acne can leave dark spots behind after the blemish has healed? Because of the inflammation caused by the bacteria that cause severe imperfections, if exposed to the sun (even in winter!), the skin can develop what is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This term just means brown marks where spots were. That is why it is important to use a targeted skincare as well as sun protection if you have oily, acne prone skin.
Acne comes in many forms, and so do acne treatments. The right treatment for you will depend on both the underlying cause of your breakout (stress, hormonal imbalances, diet…) as well as its severity.
In most cases of acne-prone skin, the correct form of cleansing and the use of adapted daily care products containing reference dermatological active ingredients can help keep pores clear and prevent new pimples from appearing. Action can always be taken, and you’re in the right place to find guidance towards the right solutions!
Oily skin routine
When it comes to daily care, be sure to follow an effective acne-fighting regime and use specific products to treat spots and pimples. La Roche-Posay has developed the EFFACLAR range of products specifically to care for acne-prone skin.
- Cleanse skin gently twice a day with EFFACLAR Micellar Water or EFFACLAR Cleansing Foaming Gel.
- Micro-exfoliate skin (slough off dead cells) with EFFACLAR Mask
- Don’t skimp on moisturizer – but use an oil-free product, as hydration is essential for optimal healing. EFFACLAR Duo (+) hydrates skin while preventing and treating brown and red acne marks.
As always, don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist for expert advice on how to tackle any acne-related issue.
· Don't squeeze spots as this only worsens the inflammation and can leave scars to remind you of blemishes of days gone by
· Ditch soap and scrubs in favor of gentle micellar waters or foaming washes
• Opt for expert daily skincare recommended by dermatologists such as the EFFACLAR range
• Use a non-comedogenic oil-free moisturizer with SPF
• Avoid super concentrated at-home AHA peels, which can cause irritation
• Consult a dermatologist to consider peels, microdermabrasion and other in-office treatments
In addition to these measures, if your blemishes and imperfections worsen, your dermatologist or GP may also prescribe certain medicines to treat your acne-prone skin. Don’t hesitate to talk to him/her about it.